What are SDL Bonds?

SDL stands for State Development Loans, also commonly known as SDL bond issued by the government of several states to fund their fiscal deficit.

State Governments in India have their own financial budgets. And when the budget sometimes exceeds the available revenue resulting in a fiscal deficit. State Governments, in such situations, issue SDL Bonds to fulfil their need for additional funds.

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More About State Development Loans (SDLs)

BondsIndia Tip: “Always study the financial health of a state before investing in State Development bonds in the country.”

Why not learn what is state development loans in details? It might help expand your knowledge and make you familiar about the key terms used in the Indian financial market.

  • SDLs Issue and marketability
    SDLs securities are basically auctioned by the RBI via the e-Kuber portal which is entirely a dedicated online auction system for government securities and other instruments. SDL auctions are kept on hold by RBI once in a fortnight.
    There is no credit risk on SDLs in this respect, they are identical to central government securities. This means that under the CRAR prudential rules, the SDL’s risk weight is zero and banks are not required to employ capital for investing in SDLs. Such
    specification and the higher yield(interest) of SDLs have promoted banks for investing in them in recent years and states are however be able to fulfill their borrowing obligations.
  • SDLs trading mechanism
    The trading of SDLs is done through electronic mode on the RBI managed NDS-OM (Negotiated Dealing System-Order Matching) and is tradeable in the voice market (NDS).
  • SDLs interest rate or yield
    The interest rate or yield of SDL securities is ascertained through auction. Still, the interest rate will be comparatively on a higher side than that of the Central government securities(G-secs) of similar tenure.

Features of State Development Loans

  • Tenure are more attractive than FD and bring in an element of safety.
  • Tax Application State Development loans interest earned is taxable as per India’s income tax laws. However, no tax is deducted at source (TDS) on the interest earned.
  • Tradable SDL bonds are tradable on stock exchanges and can be bought and sold by investors.
  • Credit Rating SDL bonds are given a credit rating by credit rating agencies as per the current financial health of the state government. If the credit rating is high, then the l the risk associated with the bond decreases.
  • Liquidity SDL bonds are considered a liquid investment as they can be easily bought and sold on stock exchanges.
  • Redemption SDL bonds are redeemed at face value on maturity. However, investors can also sell the bonds in the secondary market before maturity.

Why invest in State Development Loans?

State Development Loans securities are an excellent fixed-income source for many investors. The interest in State Development Loans securities is paid bi-annually to India's SDL securities holders.

Investment in State Development Loans securities is relatively safe and known to provide good returns.


Advantages of State Development Loans securities


Advantages of State Development Loans securities

Fixed Income Source

State Development Loans Bonds pay half-yearly interest to investors. Thus, the investment made in State Development Loans acts as an investor’s fixed source of income.

Lesser Risks

State Development Loans securities, compared to Corporate bonds, have lesser risks. It also comes with a sovereign guarantee. The monitoring by the RBI and its power of repayment to SDL securities holders out of the central government fund allocation to states adds to its security.

Yield on SDLs

State Development Loans (SDLs) provide an option for a safe investment yielding higher interest. The percentage of yield sometimes tends to decrease, subject to certain conditions.

How to buy SDL Bonds?

In order to buy SDL (State Development Loans) bonds, the investor can follow these steps:

  • Demat account: The Demat account is necessary to hold securities in an electronic format. The investor can open a Demat account with a registered depository participant (DP) like a stockbroker or a Bank.
  • Selection of the broker The investor should select a broker registered with the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to deal especially with government securities.
  • KYC formalities: The investor must complete the KYC (Know Your Customer) formalities by submitting their PAN card, Aadhaar card, address proof, and other necessary documents.
  • Place the order: The investor can order SDL bonds through their broker's trading platform. They need to provide details such as the name of the bond, price, quantity, and other relevant information.
  • Payment: The investor needs to pay for the bonds purchased, which can be done through net banking, UPI, or other payment modes.

Who should invest in State Development Loans (SDLs)?

SDLs are considered basically by mutual funds, pension funds, provident funds, commercial banks, and insurance companies that want to avail of the slighter higher side of the SDL’s interest rate (as opposed to the central government securities).

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Frequently Asked Questions

SDL is the abbreviation for (State Development Loan), which is a Bond issued by the government of several states in order to allocate funds for state development.

State Development Loans (SDLs) securities have lesser risk. It provides you interest biannually and return of principal on maturity. Also, it has the sovereign guarantee feature.

Before investing in a particular state-issued State Development Loans (SDL) securities, it is better to check the financial condition of the state.

The decision of investing in SDL securities lies with you. Experts consider it a good option for investors in need for a fixed and additional source of income.

The amount of investment in SDL securities depends on your risk taking capacity and financial goals.

Before investing in a particular state issued State Development Loans (SDLs) securities it is better to check the financial condition of the state.

State Development Loans (SDLs) are issued by states to manage their need for revenue to fund their fiscal deficit.

SDLs are a fixed-income instrument that offers investors a fixed rate of return. Investor also considered it as a regular income stream through interest payment and capital appreciation.

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